Explainers

In-depth explanations of key Brexit issues

Dr John Paul Salter
What is the difference between a free-trade area and a single market?

A free-trade area arises when a group of countries come together and agree not to impose tariffs…

Dr Katy Hayward
The origins of the Irish border

Partition The meandering Irish land border runs for just under 500 km across the northern part of…

16 January 2017
Professor Catherine Barnard
To EEA or not to EEA?

One of the key issues which the Prime Minister must set out in her Brexit plans will…

Professor Alison Harcourt
The EU’s digital single market

What is the DSM? The Digital Single Market (DSM) is the largest component of the Single Market…

Professor Catherine Barnard
The customs union

What is it? A customs union is an area in which there are: (1) no tariffs (charges)…

Dr Costantino Grasso
Europol: its origins, functions, and future development

What is Europol? The European Police Office (Europol) is one of the most ambitious European projects in…

Dr John Paul Salter
What is Article 50?

What is Article 50? Article 50 is the article of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) which…

Professor Matt Qvortrup
The political (micro) economy of the Brexit referendum: an application of public choice

There were many reasons why a majority of the British voters opted for ‘Brexit’ and voted to…

The initiative will provide an authoritative and independent reference point for those looking for information and insights about UK-EU relations. The views expressed in these analysis posts are those of the authors and not necessarily those of The UK in a Changing Europe.

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