What are EU regulations?

An EU regulation is a legal act which applies directly at the national level. This means that when a regulation is approved at the EU level and enters into force it becomes directly and immediately applicable within the countries of the EU. Countries do not need to create their own legislation to bring this EU legal act into force.

It also means that if a regulation confers rights upon individuals, then those rights can be asserted with respect to third parties and enforced in national courts. For example, since the passing of the EU’s regulation on Flight Delay Compensation on 17 February 2005, minimum rights for passengers have had to be ensured in all EU countries in cases where a flight is cancelled, delayed or a passenger is denied boarding. Passengers have recourse to national courts if these rights are not met.

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