What is a Mixed Agreement?

A Mixed Agreement refers to an agreement – for example a trade agreement that also deals with regulatory or investment issues – between the EU and a third country which touches both on powers, or competencies, exclusive to the EU and on competencies exclusive to EU member states. This means that it has to be approved by both the EU and by all member states. In some cases, Member States’ approval requires the authorisation by sub-national bodies, for instance in the case of Belgium.


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