What is co-decision?

Co-decision is part of the ‘ordinary legislative procedure’ in the EU, whereby the European Parliament and the Council of the EU have to jointly agree on legislation in order for it to be adopted. Most EU legislation is adopted in this manner. This is distinct from ‘special legislative procedures’, where the Parliament does not have equal legislative power. The Article 50 process is a good example: the Parliament has to accept or reject any agreement reached with the UK, but it cannot amend it. This is called the consent procedure.

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