What is the EU?

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political partnership between 28 countries. The EU is the most recent form of European integration, within which the single market allows goods, capital, services and people to move freely across the national borders of the member states.

The EU is unique – it is not a state, and yet it is more than an international organisation such as the United Nations. Member states cooperate on issues ranging from the single market to defence and foreign policy. Particularly in areas of economic policy, such as trade, national governments have ceded some authority in favour of joint decision-making, and the adoption of binding EU-wide laws.

For more information about the EU, try our 3 minute explainer here.

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