What is the European Free Trade Association?

EFTA is a free trade area comprising Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland. EFTA is not a customs union, meaning that member states may negotiate bilateral trade arrangements with other countries. However, its member states have jointly concluded free trade agreements with a number of third countries.

While Iceland, Liechtenstein, and Norway participate in the EU’s single market as parties to the EEA agreement, Switzerland does so through a series of bilateral agreements with the EU.

View all facts

Subscribe to our fortnightly newsletter

Get a round-up of The UK in a Changing Europe’s latest analysis pieces, videos, explainers, podcasts, reports, events, infographics and more, written by the organisation’s director Anand Menon. PS his mum says it’s "quite good".

Sign up to our newsletter

View our latest newsletter