What is the European Parliament?

The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative body akin to the House of Commons in the UK, with members directly elected by EU citizens every five years. The EP has political groupings rather than parties, which are cross-national collections of MEPs from similar parties across the EU. Ordinarily, legislation is passed by co-decision in the EU, involving both the EP and the Council of the EU, which involves representatives of member state governments. The Withdrawal Agreement signed between the UK and the EU will be subject to the approval of the EP, in addition to that of the EU’s member states.

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