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25 Jan 2024


UK-EU Relations

UK-EU Divergence Tracker Q4 2023

This edition of UK in a Changing Europe’s UK-EU Regulatory Divergence Tracker, covers developments from October 2023 to January 2024.

The Regulatory Divergence Trackers provide an overview of where and how the UK has used its regulatory freedoms to diverge from EU regulation. It identifies and analyses the most significant cases of divergence between the UK and EU which have taken place since Brexit. It explains what the changes are, what impact they are having, and likely further consequences.

In the Q4 2023 edition, the tracker finds nine cases of active divergence (where the UK, or some part of it, changes its rules); ten of passive divergence (where the EU changes its rules and the UK, or some part of it, does not follow); two of procedural divergence (where policy does not diverge but the processes for managing it do); and four of active alignment (where the UK takes steps to align more closely with EU rules, systems or programmes).

Key developments on the UK-side include bills to ban the export of live animals and amend the UK’s GDPR regime; a new financial services agreement with Switzerland; and the use of secondary legislation to amend the EU-derived working time regulations and cap on bankers’ bonuses.

The EU has brought forward some notable measures to increase the burden on businesses in the name of upholding labour and environmental protections.

For a summary of the key themes, see Joel Reland’s policy brief here.



UK-EU Regulatory Divergence Tracker Q3 2023

The investment gap: the UK’s efforts to replace the European Investment Bank

Policy landscape 2023

UK-EU regulatory divergence tracker: eighth edition

UK-EU regulatory divergence tracker: seventh edition

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