The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

11 Oct 2022


Relationship with the EU

The Northern Ireland Protocol Bill: context and consequences

The UK government introduced a piece of primary legislation, the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill, in response to concerns over the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland. This report explains some of the context to the Bill, the conditions in which it has emerged and its potential ramifications for Northern Ireland, the UK, the EU, and UK-EU relations. It also considers a number of ways in which the stand-off over the Protocol might be resolved.

The report brings together the insights of several experts: Catherine Barnard (University of Cambridge, and UKICE), Joelle Grogan (UKICE), Katy Hayward (Queen’s University Belfast), Andrew McCormick (formerly lead official on Brexit for the Northern Ireland Executive) and Jill Rutter (UKICE).

A brief overview of the state of play on the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill by Katy Hayward can be found here.



The British monarchy

Constitution and Governance in the UK

Brexit and Beyond: government, law and external relations

What would no deal mean?

Revisited: What would ‘trading on WTO terms’ mean?

Recent Articles