The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

04 May 2023

A Changing EU


Relationship with the EU

UK-EU regulatory divergence tracker: seventh edition

UK in a Changing Europe’s series of regulatory divergence trackers provide an overview of where and how the UK has used its newfound regulatory freedoms to diverge from EU regulation. It identifies and analyses the most significant cases of divergence between the UK and EU which have taken place since Brexit. It explains what the changes are, what impact they are having, and likely further consequences.

This is the seventh edition of UK in a Changing Europe’s regulatory divergence tracker, covering developments since January 2023. There are seven cases of active divergence (where the UK, or some part of it, changes its rules); two of active convergence (where the UK, or some part of it, aligns to EU rules); 17 of passive divergence (where the EU changes its rules and the UK, or some part of it, does not follow); and one of internal divergence (changes in rules between different parts of the UK).

In addition, the Windsor Framework is significant case of ‘managed divergence’: a UK-EU agreement which alters the regulatory border between Great Britain (GB) and Northern Ireland (NI), as created by the Protocol.

A one page summary briefing of the tracker can be found here.

For a summary of how the Windsor Framework will impact regulatory divergence, see Joël Reland’s analysis here.

Previous editions of the divergence tracker can be found here.



UK-EU relations tracker: first edition

Where next? The future of the UK-EU relationship

A beginner’s guide to the European Union

The state of the European Union

EU-UK 2030

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