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How much of the EU budget is spent on agriculture and fisheries?

In 2020, the EU budget was €168 billion. Spending on agriculture, rural development and fisheries amounted to €59 billion.
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What is the Council of Ministers?

The Council of Ministers, otherwise known as Council of the European Union, is made up of government ministers from each EU member state.
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What are the parties in the European Parliament?

There are 7 groups – collections of MEPs with over 25 members – in the 2019-24 European Parliament. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the ‘Norwegian model’?

The ‘Norwegian model’ is a very complex, heavily institutionalised and rather expensive alternative to EU membership.
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What is the ‘Swiss model’?

Switzerland is not a member of the EU or the EEA, but it has negotiated many agreements with it. Read this fact to find out more.
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How many people live in the EU?

According to Eurostat, on 1 January 2020, the population of the European Union (EU) with 27 member states was estimated at 448 million.
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What is the Common Agricultural Policy?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was designed to provide income support for farmers in the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the Lisbon Treaty?

The Lisbon Treaty (2007) was the culmination of a long process to rationalise the existing treaties. Read this fact to find out more.
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What are the ‘euro-ins’ and ‘euro-outs’?

There are 19 ‘euro-ins’ and eight ‘euro-outs’ in the EU. The euro-ins are the members states that use the euro as their currency.
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What are EU directives?

Directives are the most common form of EU legal act. In contrast to a regulation, a directive does not apply directly at the national level.
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What are EU regulations?

An EU regulation is a legal act that applies directly at the national level. Read our fact to find out more.
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How does the EU make laws?

The European Parliament and the Council of Ministers amend the draft proposals and vote on whether these proposals should become EU law.
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