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What is the Trade and Continuity Agreement?

What does the Trade and Continuity Agreement mean and what does it include? How will it impact UK-EU relations going forward?
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What are remedies?

In trade, remedies are the measures – such as fines or tariffs – that a signatory to an agreement can use to…

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What is a dispute resolution process?

Dispute resolution is the mutually agreed process by which disagreements over the interpretation, application or breach of a trade agreement can be…

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What is dynamic alignment?

Dynamic alignment is the idea that parties to a trade agreement maintain equivalent regulatory standards to each other in future. This is…

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What is cross-retaliation?

Cross-retaliation refers to the idea that parties to a trade agreement can take retaliatory action, such as implementing tariffs, in areas not…

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What is a ratchet clause?

A ratchet clause refers to a commitment in a trade agreement that locks in any future increase in regulatory standards. This is…

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What is non-regression?

Non-regression is the idea that different parties to a trade agreement commit in future to at least maintaining their current level of…

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Will I be able to live in an EU country after Brexit?

If you already live in an EU country prior to the end of the transition period at the end of 2020, you will have the right to continue to live in that country with broadly the same rights as before, subject to any additional requirements that EU countries insist on.
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Who is Maroš Šefčovič?

Maroš Šefčovič is the EU’s representative on the UK-EU Joint Committee, which was set up to manage the implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement.
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What is the Union Customs Code?

The Union Customs Code (UCC) is the rulebook for managing the external borders of the EU’s customs union. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the Northern Ireland protocol?

The Northern Ireland protocol, formally called the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, is the part of the Withdrawal Agreement with the EU that ensures there is no hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.
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Will transition be extended?

No. As part of the Withdrawal Agreement, the UK and EU had the possibility to extend the transition period for up to two years to the end of 2022. However, such a decision had to be made by the end of June 2020.
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