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What is an Australian-style deal with the EU?

When the government talks about an Australian-style deal with the EU, it is talking exclusively about trade. The bulk of EU-Australia trade…

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What is state aid?

An advantage given by national authorities to economic actors that affects trade between member states can be considered state aid under EU…

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What is the Lugano Convention?

The Lugano Convention 2007 is an international treaty negotiated by the EU on behalf of its member states, with Iceland, Norway and Switzerland.
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Who is David Frost?

David Frost is Boris Johnson’s Europe advisor and chief negotiator for the talks on the UK’s future relationship with the EU.
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What is the Withdrawal Agreement Act?

The Act provided the means for the UK parliament to move law-making powers back to the UK from the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
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What are level playing field measures?

Level playing field measures are often included in trade agreements to ensure that minimum requirements in areas such as labour rights and environmental standards are maintained by both sides.
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What was the Benn Act?

The Benn Act – or the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 – is an Act of Parliament that provided a statutory obligation for the government to prevent a no deal Brexit on 31 October 2019 by requiring in the Prime Minister to ask for an extension of Article 50.
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What is a Eurosceptic?

This describes a person who is critical of the EU and European integration, generally on grounds of the EU having too much control.
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What is a cliff-edge Brexit?

This was a term used by critics of Brexit to describe the prospect of the UK leaving the European Union without a Withdrawal Agreement.
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What is a Brexiteer?

This term is shorthand for those who are in favour of Brexit, i.e. those who advocated for the UK to withdraw from the EU.
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When did the UK leave the EU?

The UK left the EU at 11pm on 31 January 2020. After the Withdrawal Agreement was ratified, the UK entered a transition period running to the end of 2020.
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What happened to the UK’s seats in the European Parliament?

Some of the UK’s seats have been used to address the under-representation of some member states. Read this fact to find out more.
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