The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

What is Global Britain?

Global Britain is the UK government’s mantra for its post-Brexit foreign policy. Read this fact to find out more.
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Who is Christine Lagarde?

Christine Lagarde is the President of the European Central Bank. She was appointed by EU leaders in November 2019 for an eight-year term.
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Who is João Vale de Almeida?

João Vale de Almeida is the EU’s ambassador to the UK. He was previously the EU’s ambassador to the US and the UN.
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What is the Specialised Committee on the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland?

This committee is one of 6 UK-EU committees set up by the Withdrawal Agreement to manage the implementation of different parts of that agreement.
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What are rollover agreements?

To maintain favourable trade terms when the UK stops benefitting from EU trade agreements in January 2021, the government is seeking to reach UK-only agreements with many of the same countries.
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Who is Charles Michel?

Charles Michel is the President of the European Council. He is the 3rd person to have held the post after it was created as part of the Lisbon Treaty.
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What is the transition period?

The transition period is the 11-month grace period agreed by the UK and the EU following the UK’s exit from the bloc on 31 January 2020.
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What is the OECD?

The OECD is an international organisation that fosters policymaking cooperation between member, and many non-member, countries.
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What is the Treaty of Rome?

The Treaty of Rome, which was signed in 1957 by the original six member states, laid much of the groundwork for the EU as it is today.
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What is the External Action Service?

The External Action Service, or EEAS, is the EU’s diplomatic service. It was established after the Lisbon Treaty on 1 January 2011.
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Who is Josep Borrell?

Josep Borrell is the EU’s chief diplomat, also known as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs. Read this fact to find out more.
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Can any country join the EU?

No, only European countries may join the EU. This was tested in 1987 when Morocco’s application was rejected.
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