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What is the EU State of the Union address?

Every year in September, the President of the European Commission gives the State of Union address to the European Parliament. In the…

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What is the UK-US ‘Special Relationship’?

The ‘special relationship’ is a term used to refer to the close political, cultural and historic ties between UK and the USA….

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Will Poland leave the EU?

In October 2021, Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal ruled that the Polish constitution takes precedence over some EU laws. The European Commission has said…

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What is cabotage?

Cabotage refers to the transportation of goods between two places within the same country, by a company from another country. Under EU…

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What is ‘rule of law conditionality’?

In December 2020, an EU regulation on ‘a general regime of conditionality for the EU budget’ was passed. The resulting ‘rule of…

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What is a vaccine passport?

The term ‘vaccine passport’ refers to a system whereby an individual needs to show proof of their Covid-19 vaccination status (or alternatively…

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How long does a pet passport last, and how much does it cost?

Pet passports issued in Great Britain are no longer valid for travel to the EU or Northern Ireland. Instead, those travelling from…

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Can I still work in the EU after Brexit?

UK citizens can still work in the EU following the end of the transition period on 31 December 2020, but they do…

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What is the Article 7 process?

The Article 7 process of the Treaty on European Union (TEU) can be activated by the EU when a member state breaches…

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What is AUKUS?

AUKUS is a trilateral security partnership between the USA, UK and Australia to provide Australia with nuclear-powered submarines in the Indo-Pacific region….

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What is Strategic Autonomy?

Strategic Autonomy is a policy objective of the EU – put simply, the capacity to act independently. It started out as a…

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Which countries have nuclear warheads?

Nine countries have nuclear warheads: the USA, Russia, the UK, France, China, India, Pakistan, Israel and North Korea. These states possess a…

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