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What is the Multiannual Financial Framework (MFF)?

The MFF – or Multiannual Financial Framework – is the overall EU budget for every seven-year period, setting out funding for the…

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What is a command paper?

A command paper is a UK government publication presented to Parliament, published in a numbered series. They convey information or decisions that…

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Can the EU revoke a country’s membership?

There is no mechanism for the EU to revoke a country’s membership of the Union. Article 7 of the Treaty on European…

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What is a Party Conference?

UK political parties hold their main annual conferences every autumn where politicians, party members and the party’s affiliated groups gather. Party conferences…

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What is the Conference on the Future of Europe?

The Conference on the Future of Europe is a proposal put forward by the European Commission and European Parliament aiming to consult…

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What is the EU State of the Union address?

Every year in September, the President of the European Commission gives the State of Union address to the European Parliament. In the…

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What is the UK-US ‘Special Relationship’?

The ‘special relationship’ is a term used to refer to the close political, cultural and historic ties between UK and the USA….

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Will Poland leave the EU?

In October 2021, Poland’s Constitutional Tribunal ruled that the Polish constitution takes precedence over some EU laws. The European Commission has said…

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What is cabotage?

Cabotage refers to the transportation of goods between two places within the same country, by a company from another country. Under EU…

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What is ‘rule of law conditionality’?

In December 2020, an EU regulation on ‘a general regime of conditionality for the EU budget’ was passed. The resulting ‘rule of…

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What is a vaccine passport?

The term ‘vaccine passport’ refers to a system whereby an individual needs to show proof of their Covid-19 vaccination status (or alternatively…

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How long does a pet passport last, and how much does it cost?

Pet passports issued in Great Britain are no longer valid for travel to the EU or Northern Ireland. Instead, those travelling from…

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