The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

What is the Internal Market Bill?

The Internal Market Bill was introduced by the UK government to prepare for the end of the Brexit transition period. At that…

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What is an Australian-style deal with the EU?

When the government talks about an Australian-style deal with the EU, it is talking exclusively about trade. The bulk of EU-Australia trade…

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What is a pet passport?

A pet passport is a travel document for dogs, cats and ferrets, allowing them to be taken across borders with their owners….

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Will I need a visa to travel to the EU after Brexit?

No. From the end of the transition period, British citizens will still be able to travel for short-term visits to all 27…

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What is the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)?

The CFP is the EU’s policy for managing fisheries across member states. Its basic aim is to ensure sustainable fishing over the…

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What is net migration?

Net migration is the sum of the number of people who move to the UK to live for at least a year…

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What is Erasmus?

Erasmus is the EU’s student exchange programme, which funds opportunities for citizens in the EU and partner countries to study abroad. It…

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What is state aid?

An advantage given by national authorities to economic actors that affects trade between member states can be considered state aid under EU…

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What is manufacturing?

Manufacturing encompasses all economic activities that transform raw materials into either intermediate goods (such as steel bars) or final products (such as cars)….

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What are EU fishing quotas?

As part of the EU’s Common Fisheries Policy (CFP), limits are placed on how much fish can be caught in EU (and some non-EU) waters.
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What is an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ)?

An Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is an area of the sea under the territorial ownership of a single country.
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What are services?

Before the Covid-19 pandemic, services constituted around 81% of the UK economy, or around 30 million jobs.
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