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What is frictionless trade?

In its purest sense, this refers to the removal of tariff and non-tariff barriers to trade, resulting in the free movement of goods, services, capital and people between countries, so that it is the same as such activity within a country.
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What is a Eurosceptic?

This describes a person who is critical of the EU and European integration, generally on grounds of the EU having too much control.
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What is a cliff-edge Brexit?

This was a term used by critics of Brexit to describe the prospect of the UK leaving the European Union without a Withdrawal Agreement.
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What is a Brexiteer?

This term is shorthand for those who are in favour of Brexit, i.e. those who advocated for the UK to withdraw from the EU.
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What is the European Union?

The European Union is a political and economic union of 27 member states. It first developed over the decades immediately following the Second World War.
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What is proroguing Parliament?

Proroguing is the term used to describe shutting down Parliament. Read this fact to find out more about what's involved.
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Who is Ursula von der Leyen?

Ursula von der Leyen is a Christian Democrat politician who was elected as the president of the European Commission in 2019.
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What is GATT Article 24?

Article 24 is a provision of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and is a World Trade Organisation (WTO) agreement.
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What is co-decision?

Co-decision is part of the ‘ordinary legislative procedure’ in the EU, whereby the European Parliament and the Council of the EU have to jointly agree on legislation in order for it to be adopted.
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How many MEPs are there in the European Parliament?

Currently, there are 705 MEPs in the European Parliament; that is, 704 plus the president. Read this fact to find out more.
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Which countries are in the EU?

The EU has 27 member states, each of whom joined in phases. Read this fact to find out more about these phases.
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Where does the European Parliament meet?

The official seat of the European Parliament is in Strasbourg, in eastern France. Read this fact to find out more.
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