The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

When a new country joins the EU, does free movement apply straight away?

When new countries join the EU, existing member states have in general been allowed to apply restrictions on the free movement rights of citizens from new member states for a transitional period.
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What is the consent procedure?

The consent mechanism is a decision-making procedure in the EU whereby the EU Council must seek the consent of the European Parliament.
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What is Article 49?

Article 49 of the Treaty on European Union sets out the procedure for countries to join the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the European Court of Auditors?

The European Court of Auditors (ECA) is the EU’s financial watchdog, responsible for ensuring the sound financial management of the EU.
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What is European integration?

European integration is the catch-all term for cooperation between European countries, usually but not exclusively referring to EU member states.
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Who is Christine Lagarde?

Christine Lagarde is the President of the European Central Bank. She was appointed by EU leaders in November 2019 for an eight-year term.
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Who is João Vale de Almeida?

João Vale de Almeida is the EU’s ambassador to the UK. He was previously the EU’s ambassador to the US and the UN.
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Who is Charles Michel?

Charles Michel is the President of the European Council. He is the 3rd person to have held the post after it was created as part of the Lisbon Treaty.
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What is the Treaty of Rome?

The Treaty of Rome, which was signed in 1957 by the original six member states, laid much of the groundwork for the EU as it is today.
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What is the External Action Service?

The External Action Service, or EEAS, is the EU’s diplomatic service. It was established after the Lisbon Treaty on 1 January 2011.
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Who is Josep Borrell?

Josep Borrell is the EU’s chief diplomat, also known as the High Representative for Foreign Affairs. Read this fact to find out more.
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Can any country join the EU?

No, only European countries may join the EU. This was tested in 1987 when Morocco’s application was rejected.
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