The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

What is a pet passport?

A pet passport is a travel document for dogs, cats and ferrets, allowing them to be taken across borders with their owners….

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Will I need a visa to travel to the EU after Brexit?

No. From the end of the transition period, British citizens will still be able to travel for short-term visits to all 27…

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Where do EU migrants in the UK work?

EU workers are more likely to be employed in some sectors of the UK economy than others. Find out what these sectors are in our fact.
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What is the European Arrest Warrant?

The European Arrest Warrants is a simplified and quick surrendering procedure that has replaced extradition among EU member states.
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What is the common security and defence policy?

The EU’s common security and defence policy was launched in 1999 to provide the EU with the capacity to deal with security challenges.
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What is EU regional and cohesion policy?

The policy objective of tackling regional disparity can be traced back to the Treaty of Rome. EU regional or cohesion policy developed…

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Would leaving the EU reduce migration to the UK?

The UK already has full control over migration from non-EU countries, and this would not be affected by leaving the EU. However,…

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What does freedom of movement in the EU mean?

Free movement of workers is a fundamental principle of the EU. Read this fact by the UK in a Changing Europe to find out more.
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What effect would Brexit have on free movement?

Ministers have decided that free movement will end at the end of transition to allow the UK to control its borders.
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What is Article 50?

Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union sets out the process for a member state to leave the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
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How is the EU budget decided?

The EU’s maximum level of spending is fixed over a period of at least five years, at present 0.95 percent of the…

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How much of the EU budget is spent on agriculture and fisheries?

In 2020, the EU budget was €168 billion. Spending on agriculture, rural development and fisheries amounted to €59 billion.
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