The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

What is net migration?

Net migration is the sum of the number of people who move to the UK to live for at least a year…

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Who is Rishi Sunak?

Rishi Sunak is the Chancellor of the Exchequer. He was appointed on 13 February 2020 following the resignation of his predecessor, Sajid…

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Who is Matt Hancock?

Matt Hancock is the Secretary of State for Health and Social Care, having been appointed in July 2018 under Theresa May. Mr…

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Who is David Frost?

David Frost is Boris Johnson’s Europe advisor and chief negotiator for the talks on the UK’s future relationship with the EU.
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What is the Withdrawal Agreement Bill (WAB)?

This is the implementing bill that gives the Withdrawal Agreement negotiated between the UK and the EU effect in UK law. It…

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What are level playing field measures?

Level playing field measures are often included in trade agreements to ensure that minimum requirements in areas such as labour rights and…

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When is the general election?

The next general election in the UK will be held on 12 December 2019.

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What was the Benn Act?

The Benn Act – or the European Union (Withdrawal) (No. 2) Act 2019 – is an Act of Parliament that provided a…

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What is a Brexiteer?

This term is shorthand for those who are in favour of Brexit, i.e. those who want the UK to withdraw from the…

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What does Brexodus mean?

This combines ‘Brexit’ and ‘exodus’ to mean a substantial departure of people or companies from the UK as a result of Brexit….

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What is a cliff-edge Brexit?

This was a term used by critics of Brexit to describe the prospect of the UK leaving the European Union without a Withdrawal Agreement.
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What is a Eurosceptic?

This describes a person who is critical of the EU and European integration, generally on grounds of the EU having too much control.
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