The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

ALL A Changing EU Constitution Economy Policies Politics and Society Relationship with the EU Role in the World Union

What is EU regional and cohesion policy?

The policy objective of tackling regional disparity can be traced back to the Treaty of Rome. EU regional or cohesion policy developed…

Read More

Would leaving the EU reduce migration to the UK?

The UK already has full control over migration from non-EU countries, and this would not be affected by leaving the EU. However,…

Read More

What does freedom of movement in the EU mean?

Free movement of workers is a fundamental principle of the EU. Read this fact by the UK in a Changing Europe to find out more.
Read More

What effect would Brexit have on free movement?

Ministers have decided that free movement will end at the end of transition to allow the UK to control its borders.
Read More

What is Article 50?

Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union sets out the process for a member state to leave the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
Read More

How is the EU budget decided?

The EU’s maximum level of spending is fixed over a period of at least five years, at present 0.95 percent of the…

Read More

How much of the EU budget is spent on agriculture and fisheries?

In 2020, the EU budget was €168 billion. Spending on agriculture, rural development and fisheries amounted to €59 billion.
Read More

How many EU migrants claim benefits in the UK?

As of February 2015, 113,960 working-age claimants of Department for Work and Pensions benefits were EU migrants (that is, when they first registered for a National…

Read More

How big is the EU budget?

In 2014, total EU spending was just over €140 billion, which equates to around £114 billion. By comparison, total UK public spending…

Read More

How much does the UK contribute to the EU budget?

According to figures from HM Treasury, in 2014-18 the UK’s average net contribution to the EU budget was £9.6 billion per year.
Read More

What is the Common Agricultural Policy?

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) was designed to provide income support for farmers in the EU. Read this fact to find out more.
Read More