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What is the High Representative for Foreign Affairs?

The EU’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs performs functions for the EU equivalent to a foreign minister at the national level.
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What are Directorates-General?

DGs are departments within the European Commission that develop and implement EU policies across a range of areas, from agriculture to trade.
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What is the European Central Bank?

The European Central Bank (ECB) is the overseeing central bank for the 19 EU member states that use the euro.
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What is qualified majority voting?

QMV is a mechanism used within the European Council and Council of the EU to take decisions without the need for unanimity.
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What are MEPs?

Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) are EU citizens’ direct representatives in the European Parliament.
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What is the College of Commissioners?

The College of Commissioners is the body of senior political figures in the European Commission, headed by its president.
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What is the Spitzenkandidat process?

The Spitzenkandidat process is an informal arrangement that was used in 2014 to elect the president of the European Commission.
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Who is Frans Timmermans?

Frans Timmermans is one of three senior commissioners in the European Commission of Ursula von der Leyen. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the Identity and Democracy (ID) Group?

The Identity and Democracy group is a new far-right political grouping in the European Parliament, led by Italian MEP Matteo Salvini.
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Who is Marine Le Pen?

Marine Le Pen is a far-right, eurosceptic politician who leads the Rassemblement National (National Rally) party in France.
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What is the European People’s Party (EPP)?

The European People’s Party (EPP) are the main centre-right grouping in the European Parliament. Read this fact to find out more.
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Who are the Socialists & Democrats (S&D)?

The Socialists & Democrats (S&D) are the main centre-left grouping in the European Parliament. Read this fact to find out more.
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