What are EU regulations?
An EU regulation is a legal act that applies directly at the national level. When an EU regulation enters into force, it becomes directly and immediately applicable within EU countries. Member states do not need to create their own legislation to bring this EU legal act into force. If a regulation confers rights upon individuals, those rights can be enforced in national courts. For example, since the passing of the EU’s regulation on Flight Delay Compensation in February 2005, minimum rights for passengers have had to be ensured in all EU countries when a flight is cancelled, delayed or a passenger is denied boarding. The UK has transferred all EU regulations that applied to it before Brexit into UK law. After transition, the UK (or in some cases the devolved governments) will be able to decide how it wants to change these. A list of EU regulations on goods will continue to apply in Northern Ireland.