The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

Economy

Relationship with the EU

This fact was correct when it was updated on 23 Sep 2020

What is a mixed agreement?

A mixed agreement refers to an agreement – for example, a trade agreement that also deals with regulatory or investment issues – between the EU and a third country that touches both on powers, or competences, exclusive to the EU and on those exclusive to EU member states. Such agreements must be approved by both the EU and by all member states. In some cases, the approval of member states includes the authorisation by sub-national bodies, such as in the case of Belgium.

More facts you may be interested in

What is the Independent Monitoring Authority?

14 May 2021

What is the Trade and Continuity Agreement?

30 Apr 2021

What are remedies?

18 Dec 2020