The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

Relationship with the EU

This fact was correct when it was created on 18 Dec 2020

What is cross-retaliation?

Cross-retaliation refers to the idea that parties to a trade agreement can take retaliatory action, such as implementing tariffs, in areas not directly related to those in which a breach might have taken place. For instance, in the UK-EU talks, the EU wanted to be able to take action in areas such as market access for UK goods if the UK took unwarranted action in, say, fisheries. By contrast, the UK argued each issue should be dealt with in isolation, so that, for example, a fisheries violation could only be retaliated against in the area of fisheries.

More facts you may be interested in

What is the Independent Monitoring Authority?

14 May 2021

What is the Trade and Continuity Agreement?

30 Apr 2021

What are remedies?

18 Dec 2020