The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

Role in the World

This fact was correct when it was updated on 21 Aug 2020

What is the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP)?

The CFP is the EU’s policy for managing fisheries across member states. Its basic aim is to ensure sustainable fishing over the long term. One way it achieves this is by placing limits on the amount of certain species that can be caught each year. Within these limits, quotas are agreed for each member state, which are then distributed domestically by national governments. The CFP works on the principle of catching the ‘maximum sustainable yield’, the largest amount of fish that can be caught without stocks declining. Since 2019, there has been a ban on discarding some fish, known as the landing obligation, which means fishers must land all fish for which a country has quota, regardless of species or size. The UK remains subject to the CFP until the end of the transition period. For more information, check out our Fisheries and Brexit report.

More facts you may be interested in

What is the Crown Steward and Bailiff of the Chiltern Hundreds?

29 Aug 2023

What is an interim measure (or Rule 39 order) of the European Court of Human Rights?

14 Aug 2023

What is an Autumn Statement? 

17 Nov 2022