What is the Joint Committee?
The Withdrawal Agreement established the Joint Committee – chaired by both the UK and EU – to oversee implementation, application and interpretation of the Agreement.
The Joint Committee also seeks to resolve any issues that may arise during implementation of the Withdrawal Agreement.
If it fails to do this within three months, either side can invoke the arbitration panel.
The Joint Committee supervises the work of six Specialised Committees, taking decisions on their recommendations that must be agreed to by both the UK and EU.
The six Specialised Committees cover the following areas: Citizens’ Rights; Other Separate Provisions; Ireland/Northern Ireland; Gibraltar; Sovereign Base Areas in Cyprus; and Financial Provisions.
The Joint Committee can amend the Withdrawal Agreement in a limited number of areas but cannot amend essential elements of it.
The Withdrawal Agreement requires that the Joint Committee meets at least once per year and must issue an annual report.