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This fact was correct when it was updated on 22 Sep 2020

What is the ‘Swiss model’?

Switzerland is not a member of the EU or the EEA, but it has negotiated many agreements with it, ranging from selective access to the  single market to participation in research and education programs and EU policies on borders (Schengen) and asylum (Dublin). To obtain these agreements, Switzerland has to accept package deals from the EU, including elements of legislation it was opposed to. The agreements have to be constantly updated to reflect changes in EU law, and every bill presented to the Swiss federal parliament is examined regarding its compatibility with EU law. The EU dislikes the Swiss model because of its complicated governance and lack of enforcement and has been trying to negotiate a more streamlined arrangement.

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