The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations

Explainers

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The Internal Market Bill and Northern Ireland: where it comes from and what it might mean

What is the internal market? A single market is traditionally thought of as a set of self-governing territories between which barriers to…

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An EU presence in Northern Ireland after Brexit

The European Commission had a representation in London throughout the UK’s membership of the EU. From the mid-1970s it also had regional…

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Brexit and the backstop

What is the backstop? We’d be safely on the home straight by now – Withdrawal Agreement agreed and a political declaration on…

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Video & Audio

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How will the Internal Market Bill impact the devolved governments?

25 Sep 2020

Does the Internal Market Bill facilitate frictionless trade within the UK?

25 Sep 2020

The Facts

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What is the Union Customs Code?

The Union Customs Code (UCC) is the rulebook for managing the external borders of the EU’s customs union. Read this fact to find out more.
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What is the Northern Ireland protocol?

The Northern Ireland protocol, formally called the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland, is the part of the Withdrawal Agreement with the EU that ensures there is no hard border between Ireland and Northern Ireland as a result of the UK leaving the EU.
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What is the Specialised Committee on the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland?

This committee is one of 6 UK-EU committees set up by the Withdrawal Agreement to manage the implementation of different parts of that agreement.
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