The authoritative source for independent research on UK-EU relations


11 Oct 2021

The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland

The Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland is a contentious and highly sensitive subject that has been featured frequently in the media. But what exactly is it and why does it inspire such intense debates?

In this short video, UK in a Changing Europe covers the answers to questions like why we have the Protocol, why there are so many issues around it, and what might happen next.

For more resources on the Protocol, check our our facts, blogs, explainers (on the Protocol and Article 16), long reads and more on our website.

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